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phalaenopsis orchid scientific name

系统 2020-11-12 1 次浏览 没有评论

In St. Louis, phalaenopsis is grown in pots in a fir bark based medium with superior drainage. Stay Up to Date. Phalaenopsis Orchid. Other Ways to Help: Become a Monthly Member; Fundraise with Team ASPCA; Join the Mobile Action Team; Share this page: Help the ASPCA Put a Stop to Animal Cruelty Donate. Sumatera, Art and Illustrations in Digifolia Petals are rounded, narrow at the base, and up to 4.5 cm long. © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. Potted plants for sunrooms and larger window sills. Terms & Conditions / Privacy Policy, © 2020 American Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals. Water mature plants one time per week (more often in the heat of the summer) and allow the potting mix to dry slightly between waterings. It prefers warm, humid, damp but not soggy conditions in shady locations (bright light with no sun). It serves as an excellent houseplant as long as basic growing conditions can be met. Natural history publications (Borneo), Kota Kinabalu, Malaysia. This subspecies occurs in several National Parks within the Wet Tropics of Queensland World Heritage Site but is potentially threatened by illegal collecting. All orchids are listed on Appendix I or II of the Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species (CITES), which makes it an offence to trade this species between countries without a permit. Message and data rates may apply. Govaerts, R. (2003). Scientific name: Phalaenopsis orchid; Common name: Butterfly orchid, garlic orchid, mouth orchid; Origin: Southeast Asia; Orchid type : Epiphyte; Flowering: Spring. They have a monopodial growth habit and lack pseudobulbs. Winter hardy to USDA Zones 10-12. Maluku, New Guinea, During the 250 years or more that this orchid has been in cultivation, it has undergone several name changes and was not called Phalaenopsis amabilis until the 19th century. A graceful flower lip of an often contrasting color stands out among the spectacularly patterned or smoothly colored petals of the flower that reaches 8 cm in diameter. The leaves will tell you a lot about the overall health of the orchid. Phalaenopsis amabilis is cultivated as an ornamental and has been used by breeders to produce many hybrids and cultivars. Thick fleshy roots arise from the basal (lower) part of the often pendulous stem. In order to help prevent the onset of stem/root rots, plants should never stand in water, should never be watered at night and should never accumulate water on the crowns. Featured: Lysimachia arvensis Commonly called moth orchids, they are popular house plants that, with proper care, will flower repeatedly once per year (sometimes more often) with the flowers lasting for four months or more. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/ Lasts 4 to 8 weeks; Location: A lot of lighting, without direct sun; Watering: By observation. Non-Toxicity: Non-Toxic to Dogs, Non-Toxic to Cats, Non-Toxic to Horses. Showy flattened flowers (each 3-6” wide) appear in long sprays on arching stems in a range of colors including white, cream, light yellow and purple-pink. They are mostly epiphytic (grow on trunks and branches of trees without taking water or nourishment therefrom), but are sometimes lithophytic (grow on rocks taking nourishment from the atmosphere). The Orchids of Mount Kinabalu 2: 1-726. Nature & Travel Books, Australia. Flowering stems grow from the base of the leaves and are branched, up to 1 m long, with many white flowers, each lasting several weeks or until pollinated. Phalaenopsis is a genus of around 45 species of mainly epiphytic orchids native to India, southern China, and Southeast Asia. The botanical artist Marianne North depicted Phalaenopsis amabilis in her painting Malayan Moth Orchid and an American Climber , which can be seen in the Marianne North Gallery. Phalaenopsis is often called “the butterfly orchid” because of its charming flowers of various shapes, sizes, patterns and colors that remind us of tropical butterflies. Commonly called moth orchids, they are popular house plants that, with proper care, will flower repeatedly once per year (sometimes more often) with the flowers lasting for four months or … It was originally described (as Angraecum albus majus ) from the island of Amboina in Indonesia by the German-Dutch botanist Georg Eberhard Rumphius in 1750. A moth orchid can be seen in the Princess of Wales Conservatory. Additional Common Names: Moth Orchid, Moon Orchid. Plants may be taken outside in summer under trees, but never placed in direct afternoon sun. Bud blast (bud drop without blooming) has a number of possible causes including changes in temperature, humidity, moisture, fertilizer or location. Bechtel, H., Cribb, P. & Launert, E. (1992). View on Amazon » Sometimes you’ll see the bottom few leaves can be yellow or withered, but this is not necessarily a bad thing. Lesser Sunda Is., Image from Stuppy & Kesseler©Papadakis Publisher. The dorsal sepal is elliptic and blunt, whereas lateral sepals are ovate and pointed. By providing my mobile number, I agree to receive periodic text messages from the ASPCA. Repot as needed (approximately every two years) in spring after blooms have faded or just as new leaves begin to appear using a coarse, fir bark based orchid potting medium. Bismarck Archipelago, Water thoroughly with tepid water in mornings only. The genus name is derived from the Greek phalaino (moth), and opsis (appearance), referring to the moth-like flowers of some species. Fertilize on a regular schedule by application (after watering) of a balanced fertilizer at the rate of twice monthly at half strength or weekly at quarter strength. Phalaenopsis amabilis can be found from the Philippines, Borneo, Indonesia and Papua New Guinea into Australia (Queensland). Pressed and dried, and alcohol-preserved specimens of Phalaenopsis amabilis are held in Kew's Herbarium, where they are available to researchers from around the world, by appointment. Phalaenopsis amabilis (L.) Blume Orchids (Orchidaceae) are the largest family of flowering plants, and there are over 50 species of Phalaenopsis alone. Ormerod, P. (2017). & Beaman, J.H. Best sites are on east window sills, but plants also grow well on well shaded south or west sills, with growing conditions that include (a) temperatures at 72-85°F in daytime and above 60°F at night (a temperature drop to 55°F at night in fall helps initiate flower spikes), (b) significant humidity (50-60% - set pot on moist gravel tray with the base of the pot NOT standing in water and mist in morning), (c) bright light but no direct sun, (d) good air movement (ceiling fan is ideal) and (d) a potting mix of coarse fir bark or orchid bark mix that facilitates circulation of air and water. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system. Borneo, Although Phalaenopsis amabilis has yet to be evaluated according to recent IUCN Red List criteria, one of its subspecies, P. amabilis subsp. All rights reserved.The ASPCA is a 501(c)(3) non-for-profit organization. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0, © Copyright Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew, IPNI - The International Plant Names Index. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0, Kew Species Profiles Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Scientific Name: Phalaenopsis sp. World Checklist of Monocotyledons Database in ACCESS: 1-71827. Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/, Kew Backbone Distributions (2011). Glorious colored blooms all year round and the "ease of growing" is what makes these a popular house plant choice. A selection of paintings, including one of Phalaenopsis amabilis , was published in A Very Victorian Passion: The Orchid Paintings of John Day 1863-1888 . Family: Orchidaceae. Underwritten by United States Fire Insurance Company, Non-Toxic to Dogs, Non-Toxic to Cats, Non-Toxic to Horses. 'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. The genus name is derived from the Greek phalaino (moth), and opsis (appearance), referring to the moth-like flowers of some species. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0, Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone Text STOP to opt-out, HELP for more info. The Genus. … Sulawesi, Jawa, Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew, Herbarium Catalogue Specimens The lip has three lobes. A herbarium specimen, collected in Java by the Swedish explorer Pehr Osbeck in 1752, was renamed Epidendrum amabile by Linnaeus in 1753, and the species was finally transferred to the new genus Phalaenopsis by the botanist Carl Ludwig Blume in 1825. These watercolours were presented to Kew after his death and are now in the Kew archives. Moth orchid is the common name for the phalaenopsis orchid that's quickly become one of the most popular species from the orchidaceae family of flowering plants. Plants of some varieties will grow to as much as 3’ tall when in bloom. There are usually 3-5 broad dark green leaves, which are thick and leathery, measuring up to 50 cm long and 10 cm wide, and set in opposite rows. Checklist of Papuasian Orchids: 1-494. Philippines, The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Plants will tolerate some brief temperature extremes, but temperatures in excess of 95°F or below 55°F should be avoided. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/

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