zhangdd谈ceph(二)centos7.4 安装ceph10.2. Jewel环境规划及基础配置

张 佃栋 ceph分享 2018-04-19 696 次浏览 , , , 没有评论

centos7.4 安装ceph10.2. Jewel环境规划及基础配置

  • 安装配置环境介绍

  1. 系统版本:
more /etc/redhat-release

CentOS Linux release 7.4.1708 (Core)
  1. 内核版本:
uname –a

Linux node1 3.10.0-693.21.1.el7.x86_64 #1 SMP Wed Mar 7 19:03:37 UTC 2018 x86_64 x86_64 x86_64 GNU/Linuxx86_64 x86_64 GNU/Linux
  1. ceph 版本:
ceph -v
ceph version 10.2.10 (b1e0532418e4631af01acdd426f1905f4af)

ceph-deploy版本:
[root@node1 cephfs]# ceph-deploy --version
1.5.37
  1. 服务器配置信息及运行服务统计
节点 配置 用途 网络配置 备注
node1 E5-2620 16G 600g*2

ssd 256g *4  4T*8

Mon1 mds1

osd 0-7

192.168.1.101

10.0.0.1

node2 E5-2620 16G 600g*2

ssd 256g *4  4T*8

Mon2 mds2

osd 8-15

192.168.1.102

10.0.0.2

node3 E5-2620 16G 600g*2

ssd 256g *4  4T*8

Mon3  mds3

osd 16-23

192.168.1.103

10.0.0.3

 

  • 系统软件基础包初始化:
  1. 安装EPEL 软件源:

yum install -y https://dl.fedoraproject.org/pub/epel/epel-release-latest-7.noarch.rpm

Add the Ceph repository to your yum configuration file at /etc/yum.repos.d/ceph.repo with the following command:

cat >/etc/yum.repos.d/ceph.repo

[ceph-noarch]

name=Ceph noarch packages

baseurl=https://download.ceph.com/rpm/el7/noarch

enabled=1

gpgcheck=1

type=rpm-md

gpgkey=https://download.ceph.com/keys/release.asc

yum -y update

yum -y upgrade
  1. 常用软件包、常用工具等(非必须、推荐安装)
yum -y install gcc gcc-c++ autoconf libjpeg libjpeg-devel libpng libpng-devel freetype freetype-devel libxml2 libxml2-devel  zlib zlib-devel glibc glibc-devel 
glib2 glib2-devel bzip2 bzip2-devel zip unzip ncurses ncurses-devel curl curl-devele2fsprogs  e2fsprogs-devel krb5-devel libidn libidn-devel openssl openssh openssl-devel
 nss_ldap openldap openldap-devel openldapclients openldap-servers libxslt-devellibevent-devel ntp libtool-ltdl bison libtool vim-enhanced python wget lsof iptraf 
strace lrzsz  kernel-devel kernel-headers pam-devel Tcl/Tk cmake ncurses-devel bisonsetuptool popt-devel net-snmp screen perldevel pcre-devel net-snmp screen tcpdump rsync
sysstat man iptables sudo idconfig git system-config-network-tui bind-utils update arpscan tmux elinks numactl iftop bwm-ng net-tools
  • 3 集群主机系统初始化准备

所有Ceph 集群节点采用CentOS 7.3 版本,所有文件系统采用Ceph官方推荐的xfs,所有节点的操作系统都装在RAID1 上,ssd硬盘做raid1两组,其他的硬盘单独用,不做任何RAID。

安装完CentOS 后我们需要在每个节点上(包括ceph-deploy )做以下配置:

  1. 规范系统主机名;

centos 使用以下命令:

hostnamectl set-hostname 主机名

  1. 添加hosts文件实现集群主机名与主机名之间相互能够解析
[root@ceph-node1 ~]# vim /etc/hosts

node1  192.168.1.101

node2   192.168.1.102

node3   192.168.1.103
  1. 每台ssh-copy-id 完成这些服务器之间免ssh密码登录;
[root@node1 ~]# ssh-keygen

Generating public/private rsa key pair.

Enter file in which to save the key (/root/.ssh/id_rsa):

Created directory '/root/.ssh'.

Enter passphrase (empty for no passphrase):

Enter same passphrase again:

Your identification has been saved in /root/.ssh/id_rsa.

Your public key has been saved in /root/.ssh/id_rsa.pub.

The key fingerprint is:

SHA256:w62DTPnM/FipBL7sadsaEguNRf88+n7AVJeeQ/wIwMw1y8f0 root@node1

The key's randomart image is:

ssh-copy-id node1

ssh-copy-id node2

ssh-copy-id node3
  1. 关闭防火墙及开机启动
systemctl stop firewalld.service

systemctl disable firewalld.service
  1. 配置ntp 服务,保证集群服务器时间统一;

node1安装ntp 同步时间

yum -y install ntp ntpdate ntp-doc

systemctl enable ntpd.service

systemctl start ntpd.service

node2 node3 添加crontab ,执行自动时间同步;

* */8 * * * ntpdate 192.168.1.101 >/dev/null 2>&1

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